• Mythology - Hindu

The Hindu Triad
Brahma
Siva
Vishnu

The Hindu Triad
Hindu mythology performed the earliest consolidation of the cosmic events that occurred during the Vedic period. After several millennia in which the pattern of capture and release of priori-Mars was faithfully repeated, newer deities were defined which described the sequence of events in more abstract terms. These form the Hindu triad, Brahma (creator), Siva (destroyer) and Vishnu (sustainer). Brahma was the primary deity, while the other two were generally associated with priori-Mars. These deities together described the cyclic capture and release of priori-Mars, particularly the ‘events’ which took place on that planet during the ‘dance encounters,’ i.e. the periods of fourteen or fifteen years during which it was in geosynchronous orbit over the Transhimalayas.

Brahma
Of all the revelations of mythical 'gods' in Firmament, the identification of Brahma is the most revolutionary, because no Vedic scholar or modern day scientist has even imagined anything close to it. It is not possible within this article to explore more than a few of the colorful passages describing this deity. Understanding Brahma in Hindu myth (Prajapati or Purusha in the Vedas) also makes possible the identification of the primary deities in the sacred myths of most other ancient cultures, since they all propitiated this enormous feature on the surface of priori-Mars. In the following quote the ‘vault of heaven’ was priori-Mars, or what was called ‘The Firmament’ in the Bible.

He guards the vault of heaven, a close-set pillar

Brahma was the single most visible, most feared feature on the surface of priori-Mars during its encounters with the Earth. It was an enormous ‘pillar’ comprising innumerable hardened lava tubes that extended downward from the north pole of priori-Mars toward the Earth during each encounter. The first stage of priori-Mars after each capture was that all the water in its  northern hemisphere was drawn toward its north pole by the tidal force of the Earth, forming what is now known as the ‘Oceanus Borealis.’ Then subsurface melting produced magma, which was slowly drawn upward through many cracks and vents. This was initially seen as the ‘primal egg’ within the waters. It then began to extend above the waters, taking shapes like a boar or a turtle, which were called reincarnations of Brahma and later the Avataras of Vishnu. Eventually streams of lava shot high into the ‘air,’ aided by the strong tidal force of the nearby Earth. The lava fountains hardened on the outside forming innumerable tubes providing rigidity and allowing liquid lava in their interiors to flow even higher. Flames shot out of the top and materials of different densities and melting temperatures formed bizarre shapes and textures in the near-zero gravity environment between the two planets. In Hindu myth these were called the ' four heads of Brahma.' Each had a distinctive color and texture which could be discerned by the naked eye from the Earth and are described in the Vedas.

The following quotation indicate the two forms of Brahma:

There are two states of this Brahma - one with, and one without shape; one perishable, one imperishable; which are inherent in all beings. The imperishable is the supreme being; the perishable is all the world. ..Glory to Brahma, who is addressed by that mystic word (Om), associated eternally with the triple universe, and who is one with the four Vedas...He is the invisible, imperishable Brahma; varying in form, invariable in substance; the chief principle, self-engendered; who is said to illuminate the caverns of the heart; who is indivisible, radiant, undecaying, multiform... It is in the later parts of the Vedas that Brahma is identified with the supreme, and Brahma becomes his great manifestation.

This quotation describes the rise and fall of the hardened lava fountain feature at the north pole of priori-Mars. At the end of each fifteen year encounter, the feature collapsed due to the removal of the tidal force of the earth, which helped support the fragile feature. This was therefore the ‘perishable’ aspect of Brahma, ending with a long a (Brahma.) At the next capture, this feature slowly evolved through the waters until it again reached its full height and threatening aspect. Thus the supreme, imperishable, invisible Brahma, invariable in substance, was described as waiting within the planet to again take form.

At times of alignments of the Earth-priori-Mars with the Moon, moreover, with the Sun and Moon combined, i.e. at the times of solar and lunar eclipses, the smaller planet suffered great convulsions of its interior. These resulted in the ejection of hot bodies, as large as 20 km, from the interior through volcanos and volcanic vents into space. Rapid fire ejections from the same vents often occurred, forming a stream (ambhasi in Sanskrit) of glowing bodies. Ejections of such bodies through the vents at the north pole usually caused the primary feature (Brahma) to collapse. As a result, Brahma was seen as the creator of these bodies, called asuras and suras. Asuras were bodies ejected from the crust, which carried significant amounts of water. The water outgassing from these bodies could be seen as they were lofted into space. The term asuras implies that they had ‘breaths.’ The suras were very hot glowing bodies from deeper inside the planet. The word suras meant ‘glowing bodies’ which evolved to mean ‘gods.’ The asuras which still retain some of their complement of water are now known as ‘short period comets.’ Those which have expended their water and the very hot bodies are now known as Near Earth Asteroids.

These bodies were further classified into four categories, depending on where their orbits took them. Some fell to the Earth killing many people and creating thunderbolts. This was the reason for the great concern about predicting eclipses by ancient peoples. Some were seen to fall on the near side of the Moon, and some remained in orbit around the Earth or entered planetary orbits around the Sun. This was the origin of the title ‘Creator’ for Brahma in the Hindu Triad.

A day of Brahma was the period of a single fourteen or fifteen years encounter, because this is the time he was erect. The night of Brahma was equal to a day of Brahma, implying that priori-Mars was in its planetary orbit around the Sun for an equal period. Actually they were not exactly the same, because priori-Mars was captured at the end of October and released at a spring equinox - the two points where the orbits of Earth and priori-Mars intersected. The life of Brahma comprised one hundred ‘days,’ implying a day-night period of roughly thirty years. This is carried over from the Vedas, in which it is said that there were ninety-nine Indras (close enough for government work,) each visit of priori-Mars to the earth being designated an Indra. In the later Hindu books, such as the Maharabata and the Puranas, the length of his day became inflated to enormous figures, thought to be fitting for such a great god. But among all the inflated numbers we find, almost casually, a clue to the true age in the mention of a Manvantura, which was fourteen years. Based on this and Velikovsky’s biblical research, the period was probably between fourteen and fifteen years. This agrees with Greek myth, in which it was said that the Olympian gods reigned for 3000 years.


According to the Brahma Purana, another name, Apava (who sports on the waters), is given to Brahma, which has a similar, though not identical, application with Narayana. Apava, according to that Purana, divided himself into two parts, male and female, from whom proceeded Vishnu.

The obsolescent term 'sporting' has a sexual connotation of a male erection. This analogy of the lava fountain feature on priori-Mars in terms of the male (lingus) inserted in the body of the planet, seen as the female (yoni) is a common theme, which reinforces the nature of the physical features we have deduced.  Although I have identifed a number of features on the surface of Mars today in the myths, such as the Vallis Marineris with the 'Eye of Ra' or 'Eye of Horus,' The feature of Brahma is no longer intact because it could only form in the presence of the tidal force of the Earth and collapsed when away from the Earth.  However, because of its enormous height (1000 km or more) and its innumerable collapses, the resulting debris covers vast area of the planet Mars today.  If fact, the two Viking landers, although half a world apart, are both surrounded by its debris.

Siva
Siva was the Hindu deity associated with the destructions that marked the end of each encounter. At the close of a day of Brahma (fifteen years), a collapse (pratisancharab) took place, which lasted through a night of Brahma, equal in duration to his day, during which the lotus-born god was said to have slept on the serpent Sesha. The volcanic 'beings' on the surface of priori-Mars collapsed in a pile of blackened rubble. This dissolution of such heroic gods was attributed to another powerful deity, Siva. These collapses occurred when a fifteen-year 'dance encounter' was terminated and priori-Mars was drifting away from the Earth. The breaking off of each encounter was brought about by the nearby presence of proto-Venus and alignments of the Moon and Sun with priori-Mars. These events produced great stresses on the Earth and priori-Mars, causing continuous quaking and ejection of large rocks the volcanos on priori-Mars.

But it was not only at the end of a day of Brahma when Siva came into play. In addition to these great destructions at the end of each encounter, lesser ones occurred much more frequently, due to alignments of the Earth-Mars pair with other heavenly bodies. Great rock bodies were ejected from numerous volcanos on priori-Mars, not just from the form of Brahma itself. An important clue which points to the alignments of the priori-Mars-Earth pair with other heavenly bodies as the driving source of these eruptions is given in the following myth from the Hindu Mahabharata, in which the Siva aspect of priori-Mars was invoked:

As Siva was seated on the Himalayas, where he had been engaged in austerities, Uma, attended by her companions and dressed as an aesthetic, came behind him and playfully put her hands over his eyes. The effect was tremendous. Suddenly the world became dark, lifeless, and destitute of oblations. The gloom however is as suddenly dispelled. A great flame burst from Mahadeva's [Siva] forehead, in which a third eye, luminous as the sun, was formed. By fire from this eye the mountain was scorched, and everything on it was consumed. Uma hereupon stands in a submissive attitude before her husband. 

I have identified several of the consorts of the Hindu triad as bodies of water on priori-Mars, but this is not true of Uma, who a result of this myth was said to be the female power behind Siva. We have good reason to believe that Uma was the Moon. Her aesthetic dress implies the ashen gray color of the Moon. Other epithets for Uma, 'the personification of divine knowledge, distinguished by severe austerity, adored by the worlds - the most excellent of goddesses,’ also imply the Moon.

The sastatement that Siva was 'seated' in the Himalayas is one more confirmation of our scenario of 'dance encounters,’ in which priori-Mars remained stationary over the Transhimalayas for extended periods of time. Since the Indian people were almost directly below priori-Mars, in the foothills of the Himalayas, the passing of the Moon behind priori-Mars meant that there was an alignment of Earth, priori-Mars, and the Moon at this time. Thus the eruption described in the myth occurred right at the time of an alignment of the Earth-Mars pair with the Moon. Since the two planets revolved about one another with a period of one day, the times that they were exactly aligned with other bodies came and went in less than an hour. This rapid change caused violent trauma within priori-Mars.

'face of Siva' Horus 'Olympus Mons' Mars 'Valles Marineris'The Vedic people saw the face of Siva on priori-Mars. The face is still discernable to this day, although not nearly as impressive as it was during the Vedic period. It is shown in the figure. The 'eyes' were the erupting volcanos Arsia and Ascraeus Mons, the outer of the three aligned volcanos. The 'magnificent nose' (pictured as the beak of Horus in Egyptian myth) was the the peak of the Tharsis Bulge, an almost circular feature some 1500 kilometers in diameter now ringed by several visible faults, which, although now only some seven kilometers above the surface, was greatly distended during the Vedic period. The 'mouth' of this face was formed by the western tip of the Valles Marineris which cuts into the Tharsis Bulge.

The notion of Siva’s eyes being covered in the above myth was due to dust which was kicked up from the surface of priori-Mars as a result of global quakeswhich obscured all detail and created a featureless appearance. This was the initial result of the Moon approaching alignment with priori-Mars as seen from the Earth. The phrase “destitute of oblations” implies that the many glowing volcanic vents, usually visible on the surface of priori-Mars during these encounters, were hidden from view by the dust clouds. The idea that these fires represented 'oblations' comes from the custom of the Vedic people to burn wood to propitiate the deity Agni. They imagined that the deceased had traveled to priori-Mars and the most religious of them carried on the custom ‘in heaven.’

The myth goes on to tell that a third 'eye' then erupted in Siva's forehead, belching flames. This was the eruption of Olympus Mons, the largest volcano in the solar system, which, as can be seen in the figure, is in the position of the 'forehead' of the large raised face-like formation spanning several thousand kilometers. The presence of Olympus Mons at this location was the original impetus for the custom still practiced in India, and probably carried over into the Roman and Byzantine Catholic ceremony of Ash Wednesday, in which a mark is placed on the forehead of the faithful.

This important myth explains clearly the mechanism of the episodic eruptions of priori-Mars. The tidal forces on priori-Mars, which were already enormous, suddenly spiked when the priori-Mars-Earth pair passed rapidly through alignments with the Moon, causing great stresses in the interior of priori-Mars. During such alignments all the volcanos on priori-Mars erupted violently, belching large hot rocks from the interior, many of which fell to Earth causing death and destruction. When the planet was convulsed the volcano ‘eyes’ shown brightly, the Tharsis Bulge ‘nose’ became more distended, and on some occasions, liquid iron from the outer core of the planet was drawn out of the ‘mouth’ into space. By virtue of the alignment described in the quote, Uma is described as representing the 'energy' or 'active power' of Siva, and was associated with him in mythical 'marriage.'.


Vishnu
Brahma, Siva, and Vishnu were all associated with the planet priori-Mars.

Brahma is regarded as the supreme Being, the God of gods; of whom Brahma, Vishnu, and Siva are manifestations. It is true that, in some verses of the Vedas, attributes ascribed to him are also ascribed to other deities, and in some of the Puranas various gods are said to be identical with the supreme Brahma.

As we will see there are many quotes which interrelate these deities, although the argument as to which is superior depends on the source. In the Padma Purana we find the following quote stating that Vishnu is supreme but at the same time implying the common identity of the three:

In the beginning of creation, the great Vishnu, desirous of creating the whole world, became threefold; Creator, Preserver, Destroyer. In order to create this world, the Supreme Spirit produced from the right side of his body himself as Brahma; then in order to preserve the world, he produced from his left side Vishnu, and in order to destroy the world, he produced from the middle of his body the eternal Siva. Some worship Brahma, others Vishnu, others Siva; but Vishnu, one yet threefold, creates, preserves, and destroys: therefore let the pious make no difference between the three.


The challenge here is to understand the rationale by which this one body was seen as manifesting the three deities Brahma, Vishnu, and Siva. The names of the Hindu triad are invoked one, two or all three at a time in some myths. Perhaps surface features associated with all three may have been simultaneously visible. This is consistent with our identification of Siva, which was identified with an enormous ‘face’ formed by several volcanos and the Tharsis bulge, and Brahma, formed by a massive column of partially frozen lava, but there is no indication that Vishnu was so identified. Obviously the latter deity was more subtle in nature.

The Avataras are stories which describe the deity as taking on different 'forms' or 'appearances.’ The term avataras is applied to Vishnu, while the forms of Brahma are called incarnations. Because many of these avataras and incarnations are identical, there is a strong indication that the events were merely transferred from Brahma to Vishnu, especially because they describe the shape of the solid surface as it swelled and became visible above the tidal sea in the first months of each kalpa (day of Brahma.) In the following quote, an attempt is made to explain why priori-Mars repeatedly returned to orbit around the Earth:

This deity is worshiped not only under the name and in the form of Vishnu, but also in one of his many incarnations. Whenever any great calamity occurred in the world, or the wickedness of any of its inhabitants proved an unbearable nuisance to the gods, Vishnu, as Preserver, had to lay aside his invisibility, come to earth in some form, generally human, and, when his work was done, he returned again to the skies. There is no certainty as to the number of times he has become incarnate. Some Puranas describe ten Avataras, as they are called; some mention twenty-four; one, the Kalki is still future."Some of these Avataras are of an entirely cosmical character; others, however, are probably based on historical events.

The avataras described transient volcanic forms that arose on the surface of priori-Mars as lava was drawn up through the tidal sea. For example, the tortoise and boar Avataras were two shapes of the ground which rose above the waters early in particular encounters. Other more mysterious ones are called ‘Rama’ and ‘Rama-with-axe.’ These forms all 'came up through the great waters.’ Indeed, the deity's origin in the water is one of the most pervasive themes in the Avataras.

Vishnu is commonly called Narayana by those who make him the supreme object of worship, though this was originally a name for Brahma.


The meaning of this epithet is explained as follows:

The waters are called nra because they are the offspring of Nara; and since they were formerly the place of his movement (ayana), he is therefore called Narayana.

This implies that the 'waters' were thought to have been created by Vishnu (or the invisible Brahma) and subsequently became the place of his creative actions. Physically, the waters in the northern hemisphere of priori-Mars were drawn into a sea at its north pole by the tidal force of the earth at the beginning of each ‘dance encounter.’ Another description of this same type of event clearly indicates that Brahma proceeds out of the body of Vishnu:

Vishnu, as he meditated ... sank into a mysterious slumber; and as in his sleep he imagined the production of various things, a lotus sprung from his navel. In the center of this lotus Brahma appeared; and Vishnu, beholding the production of his body, was delighted.

The association with water is reinforced by the presence of a lotus, but the shape of the lotus was obviously chosen because it best described the form of the feature we have identified as Brahma, which arose on the surface of priori-Mars. Thus all three of the Hindu triad deities were associated with priori-Mars - more specifically with its pattern of capture and release from geosynchronous orbit, which lasted for over 3,000 years.

Contact: email to angiras@firmament-chaos.com


  © John Ackerman